With respect to the past, today’s landscape of the Cinque Terre has changed considerably. The transformation, due to man’s work over the centuries, who has attempted to exploit the land to the utmost, is obvious on the hills, where a tight line of terraces called “ciàn” interrupt the steep slopes.
Flat land sustained by dry stone walls, on which rise allotments, vineyards, flights of steps, cottages, mule tracks.
A large environmental engineering work: 4,200 cubic metres of wall – 2 metres high per hectare for a total of 8,400,000 cubic metres, 3,163 linear metres of wall per hectare, for a total of 6,729 km of wall, above the ray of the Earth. Thanks to the happy supposition of the territory, sunny and protected from north winds, the “ciàn” have always been cultivated mostly in vineyards and olives, with the production of top quality oils and wines.